Demodex are microscopic external parasites that naturally exist on the skin of all healthy people and animals. However, when dogs become immune-compromised because of other conditions such as allergies, Cushing’s disease, Cancer or Ringworm, demodex mange mites multiply and cause demodectic mange. It occurs most often in younger dogs that are under one year old.
Symptom of Demodectic Mange
Dogs with a low immune system are unable to control the growth of mites, as a consequence, the dog will get reddish bruises followed with loss of hair on particular parts of its body.
The most common symptom of demodectic mange is hair loss, particularly on the face and feet. This can be seen either as a thinning of the hair in those areas or the dog will lose patches of fur. Localized hair loss is when the patches of missing fur are all in one area, and the hair loss is considered generalized if it spreads to the trunk and is throughout the whole body. Sometimes, the skin will be red and scaly in these areas as well.
Red mange also appears differently on dogs, it could be just a single spot of mange with about an inch in diameter, known as localized demodectic mange. Or, it could be over 5 or more spots on the dog’s body. The rest is known as generalized demodectic mange. Fortunately red mange is not contagious to humans.
Because demodectic mange happens due to underlying immune insufficiency, it’s important for the cause of the immune problem to also be identified and treated. Most often, a veterinarian will recommend topical treatments be applied on the affected areas or a combination of topical and oral antibiotics if there are any secondary skin conditions present. Depending on the age of the dog and the amount of affected areas, demodectic mange may clear up in just a few weeks, or over several months. It typically clears up faster in younger dogs than in older ones.
2. Sarcoptic Mange (Canine Scabies)
The second type is sarcoptic mange. This mange type is caused by sarcoptic mange mites (Sarcoptes scabei). Dogs always get demodectic mange mites from their mothers, but they may get sarcoptic mange mites only from other diseased hosts. So, sarcoptic mange mites basically do not attack all dogs, but only attack the diseased ones.
What are the symptoms for mange on dogs of this type? The most apparent symptom of this mange type is intense itching. If your dog appears restless all the time and if he scratches and bites his skin vigorously, you should check his skin. If you detect such symptoms as skin reddening, scabs and sores on his skin, you need to have your dog treated. Sarcoptic mange may also cause hair loss.
This type of mange is found on dog’s elbows, ears, legs, and faces,then quickly spreads all over the body. Dogs with this kind of mange usually have had a bad living condition such as lack of healthy food or a nice shelter. This condition could get worse due to decreasing of the immune system or bruises from continuous scratching or biting.
Severe scabies can affect dog’s eating habit because of continuous biting that lead to even worse health condition. This mange could be infectious to human, resulting to a rash or red bumps on your skin, so be careful.
These two types of mange on dogs could be treated using home remedies or with veterinarian’s help. Severe levels of mange could be avoided from early detection as long as you monitor your dog more often.
Knowing the Symptoms
Yes. Before you know which home remedy to use, you need to understand the symptom mostly by observing his skin and other parts. Unfortunately, this can be hard with dogs that have lots of fur unless it has noticeable or severe itching.
How to Treat Dog Mange
How should we care for our dogs?
So, basically, everything that you can use to eliminate your dog’s mange can be found at home. Here are two effective ways to treat mange using home remedies:
- Bath your dog using a non-perfumed soap.
- Soak your dog with a solution consisting of 2 tablespoons of borax and 1000 ml of water with 3 percent hydrogen peroxide in it.
Those two treatments are easy to do and you can do them immediately after you get the answer for the question what symptoms for mange on dogs are and after you detect the symptoms.
Prevention by maintaining a healthy animal is the best way to avoid mange. Some of the ways to keep your dog healthy is to keep them up to date on vaccines and dewormers, provide the best nutrients for them, and give your pet plenty of attention and exercise which will help prevent them from getting stressed.
Occurrences of demodectic mange have shown up more frequently in certain lines of some purebred dogs which means there may be a genetic connection in regards to susceptibility. For this reason, it is important that dogs which do have demodectic mange that have no other obvious immune problems not be used for breeding.
In more severe cases of demodex mange, the treatment will often include using medications to kill as many mites as possible to give the animal’s body a better chance at fighting off the remaining ones and to give the skin time to heal. This is sometimes provided as a topical medication in the form of a shampoo, but can also be given orally or as an injection which causes it to work from the inside of the body.
With regular maintenance, a dog can be returned to normal. Consider some of the following important points. Dogs are animals that like to play no matter where you put them, outdoors or indoors. Make sure to check on him thoroughly.
You need to wash them constantly with a medicated dog shampoo especially when you notice the symptoms of mange. However, the best way is to optimize your environment. Also, keep an eye on your kids that love to play with your dog.
So, what if it gets worse?
Indeed, there are many cases when the dog became restless and they often bark. You will never know about their suffering but they experience itching terribly and thats when you might need to visit a vetenarian for other medications.
The only way for demodectic mange to be diagnosed is for a veterinarian to do a skin scraping. When the veterinarian looks at the skin scrapings under a microscope, they can diagnose a dog as having demodectic mange when there are a number of demodex mites present along with the hair loss. Finding more than one of these mites is important as they occur normally.
To obtain optimum results, take note of the rules from the vet. Typically, the dog will be given regular care, including bathing with a particular shampoo. Actually, you can also do it at home. Well, did the method in detail and thoroughly so that your dog will be completely clean.
Make sure to offer a clean environment in your home. Caring for a dog will cause a huge responsibility. You should always pay attention to the health of your dog and good hygienic practices at home.
No matter what type of dog mange treatment options your veterinarian gives you or whether you go for home remedy for dog mange, it’s important that you follow them carefully and follow through with them.
With oral medications, make sure you continue giving them even if you see that your dog is getting better because they are working at a microscopic level. It’s also important for dogs that show an immunologic susceptibility to demodex mites be spayed or neutered and not used for breeding so this trait is not passed down to the next generation.